¿Verbos irregulares en inglés? (PDF incluido)

Cuando hablamos de verbos irregulares en inglés, hablamos de aquellos en los que el pasado simple y el participio no siguen ninguna regla. Sigue leyendo nuestro artículo para aprender más de los verbos irregulares.


¿Qué son los verbos irregulares?

Son aquellos que en alguna conjugación en cualquiera de sus tiempos, tienen una forma particular. En cambio los verbos regulares son aquellos en los que solo se agrega la terminación “ed” al final del verbo en infinitivo.

Lo más convencional es que estas excepciones o formas particulares de los verbos irregulares, se den en el pasado simple y pasado participio.

Lista de verbos irregulares y significado

Infinitivo

Pasado simple

Pasado participio

Significado

arise

arose

arisen

Elevarse, surgir,
originarse.

awake

awoke

awoken

Despertar, mover, excitar.

bear

bore

born

Soportar, sostener,
tolerar.

beat

beat

beaten

Batir,revolver, golpear,
vencer.

become

became

become

Hacerse,tornarse,convertirse
en.

begin

began

begun

Empezar, iniciar.

bend

bent

bent

Doblar, inclinar, torcer.

bet

bet

bet

Apostar

bind

bound

bound

Atar, unir, enlazar.

bite

bit

bitten

Morder.

blow

blew

blown

Soplar

break

broke

broken

Quebrar, partir, romper.

bring

brought

brought

Traer, llevar, conducir.

build

built

built

Construir, edificar.

burn

burnt

burnt

Quemar, incendiar.

burst

burst

burst

Romper, reventar.

buy

bought

bought

Comprar

catch

caught

caught

Coger, asir, atrapar.

choose

chose

chosen

Escoger, elegir.

cling

clung

clung

Asirse, adherirse,
pegarse.

come

came

come

Venir

cost

cost

cost

Costar

creep

crept

crept

Arrastrarse,deslizarse,
pegarse.

cut

cut

cut

Cortar, dividir.

deal

dealt

dealt

Tratar, tener que
referirse.

dig

dug

dug

Cavar, ahondar.

do

did

done

Hacer, ejecutar.

draw

drew

drawn

Tirar, arrastrarse, atraer,
dibujar.

drink

drank

drunk

Beber

drive

drove

driven

Impulsar, conducir, llevar,
inducir.

fall

fell

fallen

Caer, disminuir.

feed

fed

fed

Alimentar, nutrir.

feel

felt

felt

Sentir, percibir, tocar.

fight

fought

fought

Pelear, combatir.

find

found

found

Encontrar, descubrir.

find out

found out

found out

Averiguar, investigar.

flee

fled

fled

Escapar, huír,
evitar.

fly

flew

flown

Volar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

Prohibir.

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

Prever, prevenir

forget

forgot

forgotten

Olvidar (se)

forgive

forgave

forgiven

Perdonar

freeze

froze

frozen

Congelar

get

got

got (ten)

Lograr, obtener,
conseguir.

give

gave

given

Dar, conceder.

go

went

gone

Ir (se), funcionar,
resultar.

grind

ground

ground

Moler, triturar.

grow

grew

grown

Crecer, cultivar.

hang

hung

hung

Colgar, Suspender.

have

had

had

Tener, haber.

hear

heard

heard

Oír, escuchar.

hide

hid

hid (den)

Ocultar, encubrir.

hit

hit

hit

Pegar, golpear, acertar.

hold

held

held

Sostener,mantener,contener.

hurt

hurt

hurt

Herir, dañar,
lastimar.

keep

kept

kept

Mantener,guardar,conservar.

know

knew

known

Conocer, saber.

lay

laid

laid

Poner, colocar.

lead

led

led

Guiar, llevar, conducir.

lean

leant

leant

Inclinar(se), apoyarse.

learn

learnt

learnt

Aprender, saber.

leave

left

left

Partir, irse, abandonar.

lend

lent

lent

Prestar

let

let

let

Permitir, conceder.

lie

lay

lain

Tenderse, descansar, estar,
situado.

light

lit

lit

Alumbrar, iluminar, encender
(se).

lose

lost

lost

Perder, malgastar.

make

made

made

Hacer, confeccionar,
producir.

mean

meant

meant

Significar,querer decir
pretender.

meet

met

met

Encontrarse, satisfacer.

melt

melted

molten (old)

Derretir(se), fundir(se).

mistake

mistook

mistaken

Equivocarse, comprender mal,
errar

overcome

overcame

overcome

Vencer, superar,
sobreponerse.

pay

paid

paid

Pagar, recompensar.

put

put

put

Poner,colocar, exponer.

read

read

read

Leer,descifrar, marcar.

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

Reconstruir

rid

rid

rid

Librarse, zafarse.

ride

rode

ridden

Rodar, tener juego,
funcionar.

ring

rang

rung

Tocar, sonar.

rise

rose

risen

Ascender,elevarse,levantarse,
surgir.

run

ran

run

Correr, funcionar.

saw

sawed

sawn

Cortar con sierra,
aserrar.

say

said

said

Decir, afirmar.

see

saw

seen

Ver, observar.

seek

sought

sought

Buscar, solicitar.

sell

sold

sold

Vender

send

sent

sent

Enviar

set

set

set

Instalar, establecer, colocar,
fijar.

shake

shook

shaken

Sacudir, lanzar, agitar.

shed

shed

shed

Derramar, esparcir, dejar
caer.

shine

shone

shone

Brillar, relumbrar,
sobresalir.

shoot

shot

shot

Disparar, emitir, lanzar.

show

showed

shown

Mostrar, excibir, probar,
demostar.

shrink

shrank

shrunk

Encogerse, disminuir,
desaparecer.

shut

shut

shut

Cerrar, impedir,
excluír.

sing

sang

sung

Cantar

sink

sank

sunk

Hundir, sumergir

sit

sat

sat

Sentarse, reunirse.

sleep

slept

slept

Dormir

slide

slid

slid(den)

Resbalar, deslizarse,
escabullirse.

smell

smelt

smelt

Oler, percibir.

speak

spoke

spoken

Hablar, decir.

speed

sped

sped

Acelerar, apresurarse.

spend

spent

spent

Gastar, consumir, emplear
(tiempo).

spill

spilt

spilt

Derramar, verter,
divulgar.

spin

spun

spun

Tornear, hilar, hacer
girar.

split

split

split

Partir, dividir, separar,
reventar.

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

Deteriorar, dañar,
inutilizar.

spread

spread

spread

Extender, esparcir,
propagar.

spring

sprang

sprung

Saltar, soltar, brotar,
surgir.

stand

stood

stood

Pararse, tolerar, estar (de
pié).

steal

stole

stolen

Robar, escabullirse.

stick

stuck

stuck

Pegar, adherirse, prender,
fijar.

stink

stank

stunk

Oler mal, apestar.

strike

struck

struck

Golpear, pegar, estallar.

swell

swelled

swollen

Hinchar, inflamar,
engrosar.

swim

swam

swum

Nadar, flotar.

swing

swung

swung

Balancera(se), hacer
girar.

take

took

taken

Tomar, llevar.

teach

taught

taught

Enseñar

tear

tore

torn

Romper, despedazar,
rasgar.

tell

told

told

Decir, contar, narrar.

think

thought

thought

Pensar, creer.

throw

threw

thrown

Lanzar, tirar, impeler,
arrojar.

thrust

thrust

thrust

Introducir con violencia, empujar,
impeler

undergo

underwent

undergone

Sufrir, experimentar, pasar
por.

understand

understood

understood

Comprender.

undertake

undertook

undertaken

Emprender, comenzar algo.

undo

undid

undone

Desarmar, deshacer.

wake

woke

woke (n)

Despertar, excitar.

wear

Wore

worn

Gastar(se), consumirse,
usar.

win

Won

won

Ganar, conquistar.

wind

Wound

wound

Enroscar(se), serpentear,
girar.

withdraw

Withdrew

withdrawn

Retirar, retractarse,
quitar.

withstand

Withstood

withstood

Resistir, oponerse,
soportar.

Verbos irregulares en PDF

Para ver el archivo de verbos irregulares en PDF, puedes hacer clic en la siguiente imagen:

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